Orchid Origin
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Orchid Origin

Current China orchid, was called Orchid and Herba Eupaatorii Fortunei in ancient times. Just as Huang Tingjian (1045~1105) wrote in “Tranquil Scent Pavilion”, smell fragrant with one stem one flower is orchid, while the smell not fragrant enough even with five or seven flowers in one stem is Herba Eupaatorii Fortunei”.
Chinese appreciating and cultivating orchids is earlier than westerners. In 1976, archaeologists discovered an ancient culture, Hemudu culture in Hemudu, Yuyao county, Zhejiang Province. Among those potteries in this site, there is a vessel with a plant of five leaves on it, flowers ready to burst. Below it, it is a rectangle pattern. According to archaeologists, that plant is Ruo Orchid, a kind of deciduous calanthe of Zhejiang. And that rectangle is the flowerpot. From the whole picture, it is just like a pot of orchid.
Hemudu culture is one of the oldest cultures of China. It was from 7000 years ago to 5000 years ago, lasting 2000 years, almost the same time of Neolithic Age. So, we could speak, the orchid culture is originated from Neolithic Age.
Also, “Road History” wrote that, “In the King Yao period, there was a Jin Daohua who planted orchids”, about 5000 years ago. And, it was said, when King Shun made his inspection tour in the south, he rested in a city and built a high board, which planted orchids all over, and was called “The First Board Under Heaven”, about 4000 years ago.
“Forgotten Tales”, compiled by the King of Jin dynasty, Jia wrote that, on the ninth floor of Sumeru in ancient time, there was a fairy planting orchids. Though it is just a legend, it is culture too. People believe it exists because it involves dreams and wishes, and reflects human civilization development clue of ancient people to some extent.
At Spring & Autumn Period, about 2400 years ago, Confucius, as a teacher of China culture, said, “Born in the dell, orchid is fragrant though nobody appreciates; to self-cultivate, the virtue man will not alter his integrity though poor.” His words of seeing orchid as “flavor for kings” come down to now, which shows orchid status in China culture.